OGS - National Institute of Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics | EMBRC

OGS - National Institute of Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics

OGS (Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale)


The origins of OGS date back to the second half of the 18th century, when, under the patronage of Maria Teresa of Habsburg, the Jesuits instituted the School of Astronomy and Navigation to respond to the need to develop marine traffic after the proclamation of Trieste as a free port, in 1719. The main building is located on the hills of Carso, whereas the biological research groups of the Oceanography Division operate in the Santa Croce coastal laboratories. OGS has recently (2015) opened a new facility in Panarea Island (Aeolian Islands, Tyrrhenian Sea) to provide access to e.g., a series of high CO2 - low pH cold seeps.

Mission and research:

OGS is an internationally oriented public research institution. This institution operates and develops its own mission in the European Research Area (ERA) and internationally, prioritizing the basic and applied research fields of Oceanography (Physical, Chemical and Biological), Experimental and Explorative Geophysics and Marine Geology. Research areas at the Oceanography Division include Physical Oceanography (Experimental, Autonomous Systems, coastal), Biogeochemistry, Marine Biology and Modelling of marine systems.

Marine facilities:

Research vessel for sampling coastal seawater and plankton. Other vessels are available on site for sediment sampling.

Laboratories and Platforms:

Wet and dry labs are available with pure gas supply (CO2, O2, N2). Thermostat chambers available for running meso-microcosms experiments. Services for sampling and maintenance of marine organisms, molecular biology (basic), flow-cytometry, plankton identification (optical/epifluoresce microscopes), chemical analyses (nutrients, pigments, particulate organic C and N) are provided.

Marine models:

OGS has an extensive expertise in the collection and maintenance of model species of planktonic microalgae (mostly diatoms, dinoflagellates, prymnesiophytes, cryptophytes) and ciliates.

Research topics: 

  • Marine organisms and biodiversity
  • Ecosystem dynamics