Effect of light quality supplied by light emitting diodes (LEDs) on growth and biochemical profiles of Nannochloropsis oculata and Tetraselmis chuii | EMBRC

Effect of light quality supplied by light emitting diodes (LEDs) on growth and biochemical profiles of Nannochloropsis oculata and Tetraselmis chuii

2016.08.03

Effect of light quality supplied by light emitting diodes (LEDs) on growth and biochemical profiles of Nannochloropsis oculata and Tetraselmis chuii

Biochemical components obtained by microalgal biomass can be induced by specific wavelengths and processed to high value food/feed supplements or pharma- and nutraceuticals. Two biotechnologically relevant microalgae, Nannochloropsis oculata and Tetraselmis chuii, were exposed to non-tailored LEDs light sources emitting either mono- or multichromatic light with low red but significant blue (<450 nm) photon content, or tailored light sources with high blue or high red photon emissions: fluorescent light (FL), di- or multichromatic LED mixes. Growth of N. oculata and T. chuii under tailored light resulted in a approximate to 24% increase of the average biomass productivity as compared to cultures lit by non-tailored light sources. FL induced the highest C:N ratios in both algae (N. oculata: 7.91 +/- 0.09 and T. chuii: 11.29 +/- 0.03), highest total lipid (48.37 +/- 1.07%) in N. oculata and carbohydrate (55.31 +/- 1.02%) in T. chuii biomass. Among non-tailored light sources, monochromatic LEDs with emission peaks 465, 630 and 660 nm induced a approximate to 29% increase of carbohydrates and a approximate to 20% decrease of protein levels as compared to LEDs peaking at 405 nm and cool-and warm white LEDs. In conclusion, as FL have low photon conversion efficiencies (PCE), particularly within the red wavelength range, LEDs emitting at the 390-450 and 630-690 nm wavebands should be combined for optimal carbon fixation, nitrogen and phosphate uptake. 

 

 

Keywords

Author Keywords:Tetraselmis chuii; Nannochloropsis oculata; Light emitting diode (LED); Light spectra; Cell physiology; Biochemical composition

KeyWords Plus:FATTY-ACID-COMPOSITION; MARINE MICROALGAE; RED-LIGHT; WASTE-WATER; SEMICONTINUOUS CULTURES; DIFFERENT IRRADIANCES; LIPID PRODUCTION; ISOCHRYSIS SP; BLUE-LIGHT; NITROGEN

Marta , Evangelista | CCMAR - Centre of Marine Sciences/University of Algarve

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